Robber fly - Nature photographer Thomas Shahan specializes in amazing portraits of tiny insects. It isn't easy. Shahan says that this Robber Fly (Holcocephala fusca), for instance, is "skittish" and doesn't like its picture taken.

Eye-popping bug photos

Nature by Numbers (Video)

"A Summary" – Apr 2, 2011 (Kryon channeled by Lee Carroll) (Subjects: Religion, Shift of Human Consciousness, 2012, Intelligent/Benevolent Design, EU, South America, 5 Currencies, Water Cycle (Heat up, Mini Ice Ace, Oceans, Fish, Earthquakes ..), Middle East, Internet, Israel, Dictators, Palestine, US, Japan (Quake/Tsunami Disasters , People, Society ...), Nuclear Power Revealed, Hydro Power, Geothermal Power, Moon, Financial Institutes (Recession, Realign integrity values ..) , China, North Korea, Global Unity,..... etc.) -
"The Quantum Factor" – Apr 10, 2011 (Kryon channeled by Lee Carroll) (Subjects: Galaxies, Universe, Intelligent design, Benevolent design, Aliens, Nikola Tesla (Quantum energy), Inter-Planetary Travel, DNA, Genes, Stem Cells, Cells, Rejuvenation, Shift of Human Consciousness, Spontaneous Remission, Religion, Dictators, Africa, China, Nuclear Power, Sustainable Development, Animals, Global Unity.. etc.) - (Text Version)

“ … Here is another one. A change in what Human nature will allow for government. "Careful, Kryon, don't talk about politics. You'll get in trouble." I won't get in trouble. I'm going to tell you to watch for leadership that cares about you. "You mean politics is going to change?" It already has. It's beginning. Watch for it. You're going to see a total phase-out of old energy dictatorships eventually. The potential is that you're going to see that before 2013.

They're going to fall over, you know, because the energy of the population will not sustain an old energy leader ..."

(Live Kryon Channelings was given 7 times within the United Nations building.)

"Update on Current Events" – Jul 23, 2011 (Kryon channelled by Lee Carroll) - (Subjects: The Humanization of God, Gaia, Shift of Human Consciousness, 2012, Benevolent Design, Financial Institutes (Recession, System to Change ...), Water Cycle (Heat up, Mini Ice Ace, Oceans, Fish, Earthquakes ..), Nuclear Power Revealed, Geothermal Power, Hydro Power, Drinking Water from Seawater, No need for Oil as Much, Middle East in Peace, Persia/Iran Uprising, Muhammad, Israel, DNA, Two Dictators to fall soon, Africa, China, (Old) Souls, Species to go, Whales to Humans, Global Unity,..... etc.)

"Recalibration of Free Choice"– Mar 3, 2012 (Kryon Channelling by Lee Caroll) - (Subjects: (Old) Souls, Midpoint on 21-12-2012, Shift of Human Consciousness, Black & White vs. Color, 1 - Spirituality (Religions) shifting, Loose a Pope “soon”, 2 - Humans will change react to drama, 3 - Civilizations/Population on Earth, 4 - Alternate energy sources (Geothermal, Tidal (Paddle wheels), Wind), 5 – Financials Institutes/concepts will change (Integrity – Ethical) , 6 - News/Media/TV to change, 7 – Big Pharmaceutical company will collapse “soon”, (Keep people sick), (Integrity – Ethical) 8 – Wars will be over on Earth, Global Unity, … etc.) - (Text version)

“… 4 - Energy (again)

The natural resources of the planet are finite and will not support the continuation of what you've been doing. We've been saying this for a decade. Watch for increased science and increased funding for alternate ways of creating electricity (finally). Watch for the very companies who have the most to lose being the ones who fund it. It is the beginning of a full realization that a change of thinking is at hand. You can take things from Gaia that are energy, instead of physical resources. We speak yet again about geothermal, about tidal, about wind. Again, we plead with you not to over-engineer this. For one of the things that Human Beings do in a technological age is to over-engineer simple things. Look at nuclear - the most over-engineered and expensive steam engine in existence!

Your current ideas of capturing energy from tidal and wave motion don't have to be technical marvels. Think paddle wheel on a pier with waves, which will create energy in both directions [waves coming and going] tied to a generator that can power dozens of neighborhoods, not full cities. Think simple and decentralize the idea of utilities. The same goes for wind and geothermal. Think of utilities for groups of homes in a cluster. You won't have a grid failure if there is no grid. This is the way of the future, and you'll be more inclined to have it sooner than later if you do this, and it won't cost as much….”

"Fast-Tracking" - Feb 8, 2014 (Kryon Channelling by Lee Carroll) - (Reference to Fukushima / H-bomb nuclear pollution and a warning about nuclear > 20 Min)

Obama unveils landmark regulations to combat climate change

Obama unveils landmark regulations to combat climate change
In a bid to combat climate change, US President Barack Obama announced the Clean Power Plan on Monday, marking the first time power plants have been targeted by mandatory regulations on carbon dioxide emissions in the US.
Google: Earthday 2013

Tuesday, August 4, 2015

Obama unveils landmark regulations to combat climate change

US President Barack Obama has unveiled a landmark decision to tackle climate change. Republicans were quick to criticize, with some saying it would have "devastating consequences" for the US economy.

Deutsche Welle, 3 August 3, 2015

In a bid to combat climate change, US President Barack Obama announced the Clean Power Plan on Monday, marking the first time power plants have been targeted by mandatory regulations on carbon dioxide emissions in the US.

"No challenge poses a greater threat to…future generations that a changing climate," Obama said.

The mandatory measures force power plant owners to cut carbon dioxide emissions by 32 percent by 2030, compared to 2005 levels.

"There is such a thing as being too late when it comes to climate change," Obama said.

The US president said individual states "will have the chance to put together its own plan for reducing emissions," adding that ones that choose to do so sooner would be "rewarded."

"We're giving states the time and flexibility they need to cut pollution in a way that works for them," Obama said.

The announcement follows Obama's release of a video displaying the need for the US to do more to respond to the ever-growing issues brought on by climate change.

Meanwhile, Republicans and lobby groups were quick to criticize Obama's announcement of the regulations.

Republicans critical

Reince Priebus, chairman of the Republican National Committee, said Obama's plan would have "devastating consequences for our economy."

The lobby group American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity said it could take action against the measures, saying Obama's administration was "pursuing an illegal plan that will drive up electricity costs and put people out of work."

Presidential contender, Jeb Bush, condemned the plan, saying "climate change will not be solved by grabbing power from states or slowly hollowing out our economy."

"The real challenge is how do we grow and prosper in order to foster more game-changing innovations and give us the resources we need to solve problems like this one," Bush said.

The move comes ahead of a UN climate change convention slated for the end of the year, when countries across the globe are expected to commit to a legally-binding framework to curb climate change

ls/jil (AFP, AP, dpa)
Related Articles:

Urgenda supporters celebrate at the Hague after court ruling requiring Dutch
government to slash emissions. Photograph: Chantal Bekker/Urgenda

"Recalibration of Free Choice"–  Mar 3, 2012 (Kryon Channelling by Lee Caroll) - (Subjects: (Old) SoulsMidpoint on 21-12-2012, Shift of Human Consciousness, Black & White vs. Color, 1 - Spirituality (Religions) shifting, Loose a Pope “soon”, 2 - Humans will change react to drama, 3 - Civilizations/Population on Earth,  4 - Alternate energy sources (Geothermal, Tidal (Paddle wheels), Wind), 5 – Financials Institutes/concepts will change (Integrity – Ethical) , 6 - News/Media/TV to change, 7 – Big Pharmaceutical company will collapse “soon”, (Keep people sick), (Integrity – Ethical)  8 – Wars will be over on Earth, Global Unity, … etc.) (Text version)

“…  4 - Energy (again)

The natural resources of the planet are finite and will not support the continuation of what you've been doing. We've been saying this for a decade. Watch for increased science and increased funding for alternate ways of creating electricity (finally). Watch for the very companies who have the most to lose being the ones who fund it. It is the beginning of a full realization that a change of thinking is at hand. You can take things from Gaia that are energy, instead of physical resources. We speak yet again about geothermal, about tidal, about wind. Again, we plead with you not to over-engineer this. For one of the things that Human Beings do in a technological age is to over-engineer simple things. Look at nuclear - the most over-engineered and expensive steam engine in existence!

Your current ideas of capturing energy from tidal and wave motion don't have to be technical marvels. Think paddle wheel on a pier with waves, which will create energy in both directions [waves coming and going] tied to a generator that can power dozens of neighborhoods, not full cities. Think simple and decentralize the idea of utilities. The same goes for wind and geothermal. Think of utilities for groups of homes in a cluster. You won't have a grid failure if there is no grid. This is the way of the future, and you'll be more inclined to have it sooner than later if you do this, and it won't cost as much.


We've told you that one of the greatest natural resources of the planet, which is going to shift and change and be mysterious to you, is fresh water. It's going to be the next gold, dear ones. So, we have also given you some hints and examples and again we plead: Even before the potentials of running out of it, learn how to desalinate water in real time without heat. It's there, it's doable, and some already have it in the lab. This will create inexpensive fresh water for the planet.

There is a change of attitude that is starting to occur. Slowly you're starting to see it and the only thing getting in the way of it are those companies with the big money who currently have the old system. That's starting to change as well. For the big money always wants to invest in what it knows is coming next, but it wants to create what is coming next within the framework of what it has "on the shelf." What is on the shelf is oil, coal, dams, and non-renewable resource usage. It hasn't changed much in the last 100 years, has it? Now you will see a change of free choice. You're going to see decisions made in the boardrooms that would have curled the toes of those two generations ago. Now "the worst thing they could do" might become "the best thing they could do." That, dear ones, is a change of free choice concept. When the thinkers of tomorrow see options that were never options before, that is a shift. That was number four. ….”

"A Summary" – Apr 2, 2011 (Kryon channeled by Lee Carroll) (Subjects: Religion, Shift of Human Consciousness, 2012, Intelligent/Benevolent Design, EU, South America, 5 Currencies, Water Cycle (Heat up, Mini Ice Ace, Oceans, Fish, Earthquakes ..), Middle East, Internet, Israel, Dictators, Palestine, US, Japan (Quake/Tsunami Disasters , People, Society ...), Nuclear Power Revealed, Hydro Power, Geothermal Power, Moon, Financial Institutes (Recession, Realign integrity values ..) , China, North Korea, Global Unity,..... etc.) - (Text version)

“... Japan

Let us talk for a moment about Japan, and then I'll close the day of messages. There are thousands of souls on my side of the veil and they're just fine, more than fine. We have spoken so often of what happens at the Wind of Birth. I told you, before they even came in, they saw the potential. I looked in their eyes. "You may not last long. You know that, don't you? You're coming into this planet and you may not be here very long. And the passing that you will have with your family will not be pleasant, if any ever are. Why would you come in anyway?" I want to tell you what they said. When a soul has the mind of God, it understands fully what generates peace and what generates energy shift. You can clearly see what generates what the planet needs the most when you are about to arrive. So they said, "We're going to be part of one of the biggest compassion events the planet has ever seen." One earthquake, one tsunami. All of those who left that day will change the earth forever. And it already has. It was the same for the last tsunami as well.

Every single one of them on my side of the veil is getting ready to come back. Many old souls were involved, and just for a moment, if they could give you any information, if they could talk to you right now, if they could speak your language and look into your eyes, they would thank you for your compassion for them and those who are left. And they would say, "Be with those family members who are still alive. Enter their hearts every day and give them peace and keep them from crying, because we're OK."

Nuclear Power Revealed

So let me tell you what else they did. They just showed you what's wrong with nuclear power. "Safe to the maximum," they said. "Our devices are strong and cannot fail." But they did. They are no match for Gaia.

It seems that for more than 20 years, every single time we sit in the chair and speak of electric power, we tell you that hundreds of thousands of tons of push/pull energy on a regular schedule is available to you. It is moon-driven, forever. It can make all of the electricity for all of the cities on your planet, no matter how much you use. There's no environmental impact at all. Use the power of the tides, the oceans, the waves in clever ways. Use them in a bigger way than any designer has ever put together yet, to power your cities. The largest cities on your planet are on the coasts, and that's where the power source is. Hydro is the answer. It's not dangerous. You've ignored it because it seems harder to engineer and it's not in a controlled environment. Yet, you've chosen to build one of the most complex and dangerous steam engines on Earth - nuclear power.

We also have indicated that all you have to do is dig down deep enough and the planet will give you heat. It's right below the surface, not too far away all the time. You'll have a Gaia steam engine that way, too. There's no danger at all and you don't have to dig that far. All you have to do is heat fluid, and there are some fluids that boil far faster than water. So we say it again and again. Maybe this will show you what's wrong with what you've been doing, and this will turn the attitudes of your science to create something so beautiful and so powerful for your grandchildren. Why do you think you were given the moon? Now you know.

This benevolent Universe gave you an astral body that allows the waters in your ocean to push and pull and push on the most regular schedule of anything you know of. Yet there you sit enjoying just looking at it instead of using it. It could be enormous, free energy forever, ready to be converted when you design the methods of capturing it. It's time.

So in closing, do you understand what you're seeing? You're seeing intelligent design, quantum energy and high consciousness. You are seeing changes in Human nature. You're seeing countries putting things together instead of separating. You are seeing those who don't want war and instead want peace, good schools for their children, safety in their streets and a say in their government. We told you it was going to happen this way. I want my partner to teach these things that I have said in his 3D lectures for awhile. Many won't be able to know these things otherwise.  …”

Monday, August 3, 2015

Obama releases climate video ahead of clean power plan release

US President Obama has released a video highlighting the problems of climate change as he prepares to unveil a major plan to fight global warming. Opponents have said they will immediately contest the plan in court.

Deutsche Welle, 2 Aug 2015

In the video Obama said the final version of America's Clean Power Plan, which will set out out rules and regulations aimed at cutting carbon emissions, was the "most important step we've ever taken" to fight climate change.

"Climate change is not a problem for another generation. Not anymore," he said.

He added that the unprecedented carbon dioxide limits contained in the plan, to be unveiled on Monday, were founded on decades of data proving the negative effects of global warming on the environment, and human health and wellbeing.

The finalized plan goes beyond an initial proposal calling for a 30-percent cut in nationwide in CO2 emissions by 2030, compared with 2005 levels. The version to be presented on Monday demands a cut of 32 percent instead, according to Obama administration officials, speaking on condition of anonymity.

Power plants targeted

Obama has made the fight against
 climate change a key issue of his
Emissions from power plants are a main focus of the plan, with Obama saying in the video that they were "the single biggest source of harmful carbon pollution that contributes to climate change."

"But until now there have been no federal limits to the amount of that pollution that those plants can dump into the air," he said.

Under the final version of the plan, US states will have an additional two years - until 2022 - to comply with the new regulations, after complaints that the deadline in the initial proposal was too short. The states will also have until 2018, instead of 2017, to submit plans outlining the measures they will take to fulfil the targets.

Legal challenges certain

Opponents to the plan, who include some states and industries, have said they will immediately challenge the plan in court. They say they also intend to ask courts to block the regulation from going into force until all litigation is concluded.

A majority of scientists has concluded that manmade global warming is causing a range of problems, including extreme weather conditions such as hurricanes and drought, across the world.

The United States is the second biggest producer of carbon emissions in the world after China.

tj/ng (AP, Reuters, AFP)

Wednesday, July 29, 2015

Killer of Cecil the lion was dentist from Minnesota, claim Zimbabwe officials

Zimbabwe Conservation Task Force alleges trophy hunter shot one of Africa’s most famous lions near Hwange national park

Conservationists in Zimbabwe have accused an American man of being the alleged killer of Cecil, one of Africa’s most famous lions and the star attraction at the Hwange national park.

On Tuesday, the Zimbabwe Conservation Task Force said the man thought to have paid $50,000 (£32,000) for the chance to kill Cecil was not a Spaniard as originally believed, but US citizen Walter Palmer, from a small town near Minneapolis. The man left the lion skinned and headless on the outskirts of the park, the ZCTF’s Johnny Rodrigues said in a statement.

The hunt took place around 6 July. “They went hunting at night with a spotlight and they spotted Cecil,” Rodrigues said. “They tied a dead animal to their vehicle to lure Cecil out of the park and they scented an area about half a kilometre from the park.”

Walt Palmer, left, and one of his many trophies.

The hunter first shot at Cecil with a bow and arrow but failed to kill the lion. “They tracked him down and found him 40 hours later when they shot him with a gun,” Rodrigues said.

A spokesman for Palmer told the Guardian that the hunter was “obviously quite upset over everything”.

“As far as I understand, Walter believes that he might have shot that lion that has been referred to as Cecil,” the spokesman said. “What he’ll tell you is that he had the proper legal permits and he had hired several professional guides, so he’s not denying that he may be the person who shot this lion. He is a big-game hunter; he hunts the world over.”

On Tuesday, Palmer - a dentist and married father of two - became a target as the Facebook page of his dental clinic was flooded with angry comments and threats. An online petition demanding justice for Cecil had gathered more than 12,000 signatures.

Palmer’s love of hunting is well-documented online. In 2009, he was interviewed by the New York Times about his slaying of an elk that was touted as a kill for the archery record books.

Noting that Palmer had learned to shoot at age five and was “capable of skewering a playing card from 100 yards with his compound bow,” the article said Palmer had paid $45,000 at auction to take part in the hunt, with the proceeds being used to help fund the elk habitat. As the hunting season began, Palmer was on probation for lying to authorities over the exact location where he had killed a black bear in northern Wisconsin in 2006.

A 2008 Flickr photo album by Trophy Hunt America and Porcupine Creek Outfitters, a company that leads hunting expeditions, shows Walter Palmer posing next to avariety of slain animals, including a wood bison and a lion. In another online photo Palmer and his bow and arrow sit next to a slain rhino, the captionstating that the photo was taken in South Africa.

The same company advertises trips to Africa, under the name Safari Connection. Photographs to advertise the company’s services show hunters posed next to elephants. Other expeditions show hunters posed next to polar bears amid snowy backdrops.

Two people who accompanied the hunter on his Zimbabwe trip were identified by authorities and arrested earlier this month, including Theo Bronkhorst, the founder of Bushman Safaris Zimbabwe which is believed to have organised the hunt. Both are facing poaching charges and due to appear in court in early August.

Zimbabwe National Parks confirmed the charges. “In this case, both the professional hunter and land owner had no permit or quota to justify the offtake of the lion and therefore are liable for the illegal hunt,” it said in a statement. Bronkhorst’s hunting license has been suspended and efforts were being made to interview another employee of Bushman Safaris who was believed to have also taken part in the hunt.

The 13-year-old lion was wearing a GPS collar as part of an Oxford University research project that had been running since 1999, making it possible to trace his last movements. Rodrigues said the hunters tried to destroy the collar, but failed.

Walt Palmer and a Nevada California Bighorn.

The death of Cecil comes as Zimbabwe, like many countries in Africa, attempts to crack down on illegal hunting and poaching, said Rodrigues. “This has been going on too long. Cecil is the 23 or 24th lion that has been collared and then killed in Hwange. We have to try and stop it.”

Initially his organisation had said the whereabouts of Cecil’s head was unknown, sparking concerns that it would be sent abroad as a trophy. The fear brought conservationists and politicians together this week to call on the European Union to ban the import of lion heads, paws and skins as hunters’ trophies from African countries that cannot prove their lion populations are sustainable.

On Tuesday, Rodrigues said the head of the lion had been located in Zimbabwe and had been impounded to be used as evidence in the investigation.

The ZCTF said on Tuesday that it continued to mourn Cecil. Rodrigues pointed out that the hunter was believed to have paid just $50,000 to kill a creature that would have brought millions of dollars worth of tourism to the reserve.

Conservation authorities said they were also dealing with the likely consequences of Cecil’s death for his six cubs. “The saddest part of all is that now that Cecil is dead, the next lion in the hierarchy, Jericho, will most likely kill all Cecil’s cubs so that he can insert his own bloodline into the females.”

Cecil was a major tourist attraction at Zimbabwe's largest game reserve in
Hwange National Park, due to his distinctive black mane (AFP Photo)

Hunt: Fahd bin Sultan is said to have killed
1,977 houbara bustards in just 21 days while
on holiday

Spain's King Juan Carlos poses in front of a dead elephant
on a hunting trip in Botswana, Africa. Photograph: Target
Press/Barcroft Media

Spain's king ousted as WWF honorary president
Spain's King Juan Carlos under fire over elephant hunting trip

Question: Dear Kryon: I live in Spain. I am sorry if I will ask you a question you might have already answered, but the translations of your books are very slow and I might not have gathered all information you have already given. I am quite concerned about abandoned animals. It seems that many people buy animals for their children and as soon as they grow, they set them out somewhere. Recently I had the occasion to see a small kitten in the middle of the street. I did not immediately react, since I could have stopped and taken it, without getting out of the car. So, I went on and at the first occasion I could turn, I went back to see if I could take the kitten, but it was to late, somebody had already killed it. This happened some month ago, but I still feel very sorry for that kitten. I just would like to know, what kind of entity are these animals and how does this fit in our world. Are these entities which choose this kind of life, like we do choose our kind of Human life? I see so many abandoned animals and every time I see one, my heart aches... I would like to know more about them.

Answer: Dear one, indeed the answer has been given, but let us give it again so you all understand. Animals are here on earth for three (3) reasons.

(1) The balance of biological life. . . the circle of energy that is needed for you to exist in what you call "nature."

(2) To be harvested. Yes, it's true. Many exist for your sustenance, and this is appropriate. It is a harmony between Human and animal, and always has. Remember the buffalo that willingly came into the indigenous tribes to be sacrificed when called? These are stories that you should examine again. The inappropriateness of today's culture is how these precious creatures are treated. Did you know that if there was an honoring ceremony at their death, they would nourish you better? Did you know that there is ceremony that could benefit all of humanity in this way. Perhaps it's time you saw it.

(3) To be loved and to love. For many cultures, animals serve as surrogate children, loved and taken care of. It gives Humans a chance to show compassion when they need it, and to have unconditional love when they need it. This is extremely important to many, and provides balance and centering for many.

Do animals know all this? At a basic level, they do. Not in the way you "know," but in a cellular awareness they understand that they are here in service to planet earth. If you honor them in all three instances, then balance will be the result. Your feelings about their treatment is important. Temper your reactions with the spiritual logic of their appropriateness and their service to humanity. Honor them in all three cases.

Monday, July 27, 2015

Miracle motorbike that goes 500km… on a liter of water! (VIDEO), 25 Jul, 2015

A Brazilian man, Ricardo Azevedo from Sao Paulo, has shown off his wonder bike to the world. The magic machine can travel up to 500 kilometers on a liter of water.

The so-called “T Power H20” vehicle is powered by water and an external car battery to produce electricity and split the hydrogen from the water molecules.

As a result, combustion is created giving the motorbike the impetus to move.

READ MORE: World has 10 years to combat climate change, prevent health catastrophe – scientists  

In the video, Azevedo first drinks from the bottle, proving that it’s indeed water and not some kind of other fuel. Then he fills the canister and rides off. 

Azevedo also demonstrates how the bike works. The inventor shows that even polluted waters from the Tiete River can be used to fuel the vehicle.

READ MORE: Bioengineers invent engine powered by water vapor, artificial muscles 

The Brazilian is promoting his creation as an environment-friendly machine. 

“The advantage of this motorcycle, which works with the hydrogen that comes from the water, is that the result that comes out of the exhaust is water vapor. This is different from gasoline, which [produces] carbon monoxide," he told RT.

Related Article:

Sunday, July 26, 2015

Dutch climate champion brings 'case for hope’ to Australia

Lawyers Weekly, Felicity Nelson, 24 July, 2015
Marjan Minnesma
The refreshing 'can do’ attitude of Marjan Minnesma goes a long way to explaining a momentous victory in the Dutch courts last month.

Ms Minnesma (pictured), director of the Urgenda Foundation, interrupted her holiday to deliver talks around Australia.

Urgenda (an NGO whose name combines the words “urgent” and “agenda”) made history in June when the District Court of The Hague ruled that the Dutch Government must reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 25 per cent of 1990 levels by 2020.

The court found the government’s present target of 14-17 per cent by 2020 was unlawfully negligent.

Ms Minnesma said the case was viewed by the Dutch press as a publicity stunt and no one really believed Urgenda, together with the 886 plaintiffs they were representing, could actually win. 

“The reaction of most lawyers was, 'this is not possible’,” said Ms Minnesma, speaking at an event hosted by EDO NSW in Sydney this week.

Urgenda and its supporters marched to the courts to launch the case in November 2013 after engaging in polite correspondence with the government, as is required by Dutch law before civil proceedings.

“[We were essentially] just putting papers on a desk, but we were there with hundreds of people – children, balloons, everything,” Ms Minnesma said. “We had a lot of fun.”

Urgenda’s case was led by Roger Cox, a partner at the Dutch law firm Paulussen Advocaten and the author of Revolution Justified, which lays out the legal thinking behind the case.

The first meeting of the two parties took place in April this year.On June 24 the court was again packed with hundreds of people and more than 50 journalists to hear the verdict, which was handed down in Urgenda's favour.

“We were all dressed up in white,” Ms Minnesma said. “The people of the state were dressed all in black, so it was very easy to see who was good and who was bad,” she laughed.

“What I found very special was that the court had decided to translate everything in English,” said Ms Minnesma.

Holding the government to its own standards

The most remarkable aspect of this case is its relative simplicity from a legal perspective, according to Ms Minnesma.

“It is important for people to realise that this is civil law,” she said. “This is not environmental law or international law.”

The way the case was constructed meant that the legal team could draw on other parts of the law indirectly, while focusing on the government's duty of care of government.

“In duty of care there is a so-called ‘open norm’,” said Ms Minnesma.

Open norm allows duty of care to change over time, according to the standards of the era. This is known as the ‘reflex effect’.

It allows the court to judge action (or inaction) as lawful based on the various principles, treaties and bodies of knowledge that the government has already recognised.

“[The open norms] would be different in the 1800s than they would be now – I even think 15 years ago it would be difficult for us to fight this case,” said Ms Minnesma.

While the state has a lot of discretionary power, there is a minimum level of care that must be met to protect citizens, she said: “A government cannot do everything it likes.”

This minimum obligation is determined by what the government has already established itself, through treaties and policies.

“The judge is not inventing policies,” Ms Minnesma said. “It is only looking at what the government has declared itself up to now, what have they signed.”

The Netherlands is a signatory of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which produces a scientific report every five or seven years.

“The report is not from scientists alone,” Ms Minnesma said. “In the end, 195 countries sign it and say, ‘this is the body of knowledge that we acknowledge’.”

As the Dutch Government did not dispute the science in the most recent report in the case, the judge concluded that this was part of the accepted norms.

“The judge simply said 'well, you should now live up to your own principles. That is part of your duty of care’,” said Ms Minnesma.

Ms Minnesma said the arguments of the state were not very convincing: "I think the lawyers were not really very good. We were happy about that."

Changing the conversation

Ms Minnesma recalled the joyous moment that erupted in the courtroom when the decision was read out.

“There was yelling and crying and hugging and it was really a very strange court.

“[The news travelled] within an hour all over the world. I was surprised how quickly it went.

“There were so many people that called us to say they were crying in front of the TV.”

Since this “case for hope”, the media in The Netherlands have stopped focusing on whether climate change is real or not, she continued.

“Suddenly, climate change is a fact … and we are finally now acting on the solutions.”

The government has been ordered to pay Urgenda’s legal bills, estimated at €13,522, and (so long as an appeal is unsuccessful) the government will have to pay large fines to the NGO if it does not comply with the court ruling.

Urgenda supporters celebrate at the Hague after court ruling requiring Dutch
government to slash emissions. Photograph: Chantal Bekker/Urgenda

Related Article:

Friday, July 24, 2015

Guizhou radio telescope may pick up signs of alien life

Want China Times, Chuang Shu-chung and Staff Reporter 2015-07-23

The radio telescope under construction in Guizhou, July 16, 2014. (Photo/Xinhua)

A 500-meter aperture spherical telescope (FAST) is currently being constructed on top of a Karst landscape in Pingtang county in the Qiannan Buyei and Miao autonomous prefecture of Guizhou. Once complete, the radio telescope will be the most likely avenue for China to make first contact with aliens, according to our Chinese-language sister paper Want Daily.

On July 22 the installation of the first set of 1000 panels began. The telescope will incorporate 4,450 panels on completion, forming a 250,000-square-meter reflecting surface, roughly the size of 30 football pitches, which will give it the largest diameter of any telescope of its kind in the world at 500 meters.

The cable net is capable of moving along with celestial bodies, according to Zheng Yuanpeng, the technician responsible for the panels. The net automatically adjusts the 4,450 reflective panels which will lie on top of it, allowing the telescope to observe every corner of the sky. The telescope will reportedly be ten-times more agile than the Effelsberg 100-m Radio Telescope in the Ahrgebirge in Germany.

The head of production for China Electronics Technology Group Corporation (CETC), Yang Dingjiang, stated that possible contact with aliens is only one of the aims of the radio telescope. Yang said that the telescope was also aimed at exploring the origins of the universe, the structure of the interstellar medium, dim pulsars and dim radio sources, as well as searching for signs of intelligent life elsewhere in the universe.

This NASA artist's concept compares Earth (left) to the new planet, called 
Kepler-452b, which is about 60 percent larger in diameter (AFP Photo/T. Pyle)

Related Articles:

Hawking launches biggest-ever search for alien life (UK/Russia)

"... Question Three: Is there life on other planets?

Are you kidding? There's life everywhere. Everywhere! Right now, your scientists are searching for microbial life on all the planets and their moons in your solar system, and they will eventually find it. They expect to find it. They will eventually understand that the seeds of life are everywhere.

How much life might there be? How long has it been "out there"? When science starts to realize the scope of how long life has been in your galaxy, they will begin to see something counterintuitive to evolution - their own Human history. How old is your Universe? Ask your scientists and they will say about 13 billion years. That's OK. Let's use their numbers. How old is your own planet - 4 or 5 billion, perhaps? Correct. But how old is humanity? Why weren't you here with the dinosaurs? You think the earth wasn't ready? Do you think that perhaps that which controls evolution was a little too stupid to make a Human sooner, but the process could make a dinosaur? Have you ever thought about these things?

If you put the earth's entire history into a 24-hour clock, life itself only started in the last hour and humanity, all of civilization, happened the last few seconds. Isn't that odd to you? Therefore, in a Universe that may be 13 billion years old, you arrived in the last few seconds. Did you ever think maybe you're the newest ones on the block? Well, you'd be right.

If the Universe is really that old, do you think perhaps there are civilizations in your galaxy that might be a billion or more years older than you? If that's the case, do you think perhaps they have gone through anything you're going through? Do you think any of them might have had your DNA attributes? Perhaps they also went through what you are going through spiritually? Perhaps they even went into a quantum ascension status? The answer is dozens of them.

You already know them and you've listed them in your publications. The ones who directly seeded you are called Pleiadians. The ones who seeded them might be Octurian and the ones who seeded them may be even Orion. They're everywhere, and they're all here as well. They're looking at you, for you are the ones who are next, and you are passing this marker of the shift

Oh, dear ones, it's going to be a long time before you really know any of these things to be your reality. The first step is peace on Earth. The next is a new kind of Human evolution that is going to increase your DNA efficiency to 100% and you're going to live a long time. Every time I say that, there are Humans in their intellectual mind saying, "Well, there is a geometric birth rate going on. We're not going to make it. It's going to over-crowd and we are going to run out of food. So what you're saying, Kryon, can't be a good thing. We're all going to be suffering and killing each other for food."

Let me address this, for if that is your thought, Human, you are assuming Humans are stupid and haven't figured out what's going on and why there's so much birth. You assume they can't control it because they haven't figured it out? I want to tell you, you're going to see something you didn't expect. You're going to see a decline in birth rate because Humans are smart and they're getting smarter. They're going to see that quality of life is linked to the number of children they have, and they're going to figure out the solution. It won't be how many children their church says they should have. They are going to do it intuitively. You're going to see it sooner than not.

You are going to see wisdom on the planet in many areas that no sociologist would ever have predicted. You will surprise them all, and it's going to happen without a government program. It's going to happen because you decide you want it. It's going to happen collectively, and you may even see it soon. Look for negative birth rates in first-world countries. Where Humans are able to see a larger picture and have freedom of information, the situation will not be what you have predicted.

Is there life on other planets? The scientists are saying, "It's going to be a long time before we get to the stars, you know? We have to get in this little metal can and put air in it, and then travel in it for years and years before we ever get to the next star." Meanwhile, a Pleiadian can do it in the blink of an eye! What do you think is going on there? Do you even believe me?

Not long ago, if you wanted to communicate to someone far away, you sent a letter. It was carried by a horse. It took a month to get a response. Now you communicate instantly!  Why is this so unbelievable to you about travel?

I will tell you, as long as you stay in 3D, you'll still be getting in little metal cans and air suits and going to planets. As soon as you begin the quantum age, however, you will simply wish yourself there, because you will be entangled with everything and can go with intent. If you don't believe this now, you will later, for what I give you is true. It may be lifetimes and lifetimes from now, but the group that is before me is the group that is going to come back over and over and over. The difference is that you're done coming back in an old energy. This is a new energy. ..”

ConocoPhillips ends all shale gas projects in China

Want China Times, Staff Reporter 2015-07-23

A ConocoPhillips booth at the 12th China International Lubricants and Technology
Exhibition in Beijing, Nov. 16, 2011. (File photo/CFP)

American energy company ConocoPhillips confirmed on July 21 that it has suspended all shale gas projects in China, the National Economic Daily reports.

According to Yan Ou, a spokesperson of ConocoPhillips in China, the company has ended its contracts with China National Petroleum Corp (CNPC) and China Petrochemical Corp (Sinopec) for shale gas exploration in the country.

Yan said the discontinuation of the contracts does not mean that ConocoPhillips will completely exit from China's shale gas sector, since the company is still positive about the potential of the Chinese market.

ConocoPhillips signed a joint exploration deal with CNPC for shale gas in Qijiang in the southeastern city of Chongqing in 2012 and another deal with Sinopec in the area between Chongqing's Dazu and Neijiang city in Sichuan province in 2013, the newspaper said.

Li Li, an analyst with Shanghai-based commodities researcher ICIS-China, said the low crude prices have impacted the performance of oil companies, which are forced to cut spending on exploration.

According to Li, the drilling costs and the market consumption in China are not particularly attractive to foreign companies, compared to the North American and Middle East markets.

This leaves state-owned CNPC and Sinopec the main driving forces behind the shale gas exploration in China, since the private sector is not expected to move into the business before crude oil prices reach another high, Li said.

Similarly, foreign oil companies Shell and Chevron are also reported to have encountered hurdles with their shale gas exploration projects in China, the newspaper said. Han Xiaoping, chief information officer at an energy news website run by state-run People's Daily, said foreign companies' confidence in the Chinese market has been hit by the fact that they cannot freely sell the gas they excavate.

Despite the waning foreign interest in the Chinese market, CNPC and Sinopec have seen rapid growth of shale gas output, which is expected to rise to 7.6 billion cubic meters this year from 2.1 billion cubic meters in 2014.

Two private Chinese companies that obtained rights to explore shale gas through two rounds of auctions held by the Chinese government are maintaining a wait-and-see position, the newspaper said.

China's National Energy Administration last year slashed the projected shale gas output in 2020 from 60 billion-100 billion cubic meters to 30 billion cubic meters, and has cut the government subsidy between 2016 and 2018 from 0.3 yuan (US$0.048) per cubic meter to 0.2 yuan (US$0.032), the newspaper added.

Thursday, July 23, 2015

Global average temperatures soar, Arctic ice shrinks

World average temperatures were the hottest in June and during the first six months of this year, according to climatologists. Arctic sea ice shrunk in June to the third smallest area on record.

Deutsche Welle, 22 July 2015

Climate scientists warned Tuesday that a fresh El Nino oceanic phenomena emerging in Pacific Ocean waters off Peru is likely to foreshadow hotter planetary weather and lead to further new record highs.

The United States' National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) said the world average temperature in June was 16.33 Celsius (61.48 Fahrenheit), an alarming one-quarter of a degree warmer than the previous record set in 2014.

In the past, records were broken by only one or two-hundredths of a degree, not one-quarter.

French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius, tasked with steering UN talks in Paris toward a climate rescue pact in December, urged countries on Monday to "look now for compromise on the big political issues."

The UN has set the goal of limiting average global warming to two degrees Celsius over pre-industrial levels by switching to renewables over fossil energy sources.

Four record months

June was one of among four months in 2015 that each saw record average temperatures, based on measurements made since 1880. The other three months were February, March and May, according to the NOAA.

In addition, the first half of 2015 taken as a whole was one-sixth of a degree warmer at an average of 14.35 Celsius, compared to the old record set in 2010.

NOAA climatologist Jessica Blunden said if the emerging El Nino effect became stronger, then it would push average temperatures "off the charts."

"This is what anthropogenic [man-made] global warming looks like, just hotter and hotter," said Jonathan Overpeck, the co-director of the University of Arizona's environmental institute.

Blunden said broken global monthly heat records had occurred in 25 months since 2000. The last monthly cold record occurred in 1916.

Relatives bring a victim of heat stroke
to hospital in Karachi
Heatwaves in Pakistan, India

Pakistan's exceptional heatwave during June was blamed for the loss of more than 1,200 lives. In May, a heatwave n India claimed more than 2,000 lives. It ranked as India's fifth deadliest on record.

Exceptional heat has also gripped other parts of Asia as well as Australia, South America, Africa, western North America, Spain and Austria and parts of the Balkans.

Also Tuesday, the NOAA said that sea ice in the Arctic had been measured at 906,000 square kilometers (350,000 square miles), or 7.7 percent less than the average for the period 1981 to 2010.

"This was the third smallest June extent since records began in 1979," NOAA said.

Japan confirms figures

Clare Nullis, spokeswoman for the UN's World Meteorological Organization, said the record average temperatures, both on land and across ocean surfaces, were confirmed by the Japan Meteorological Agency's Tokyo Climate Center.

Nullis said a major concern was rising heat accumulation in the waters of world's oceans, which have so far acted as buffers.

Nullis said that according to readings from the Australian Bureau of Meteorology, the El Nino effect was likely to strengthen and persist into early 2016.

So far, heatwave data has corresponded to climate change model expectations, she added.

Complicated impact

El Nino is a period when winds pile up a layer of warm, nutrient-poor surface water off Peru, accompanied by high air pressures over the western Pacific. South American fisheries suffer while Australia and Southeast Asia turn dry.

Its impacts around the world are complicated, with Europe less affected.

During Europe's heatwave earlier this month, Omar Baddour, who coordinates the UN's climate data monitoring program, said experts were still assessing the correlation between natural variability and climate change.

Stefan Rahmstorf, an oceanic and climate scientist at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research in Germany, was more emphatic, stressing that "man-made global warming greatly increases the number of such heatwaves."

ipj/cmk AFP, AP)